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Blue Ash, Ohio 45241
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What’s the Most Cost Effective Type of Heating: Propane, Electric, or Geothermal Heat Pumps?

Heat pumps can be a great way to heat your home. There are several types available—including electric, propane, and geothermal—and it can be difficult to determine which will be the most cost-effective for your home. This overview will describe the benefits of each, helping you select the best option for your needs.

At National Heating & Air Conditioning, we offer maintenance, repair, and installation services for all types of heat pumps. We have been serving the Cincinnati area since 1930!

Contact our team at (513) 621-4620 today to learn more about our heat pump services!

Electric Heat Pumps

Electric heat pumps use a compressor and refrigerant to absorb heat from the outside air during the winter and transfer it inside. During the summer they can reverse the cycle, absorbing heat from indoors and transferring it outside.

Electric heat pumps operate very efficiently as long as the weather is mild, but once it drops below freezing, they must use a supplemental heat source to operate effectively. This is typically an electric resistance heater, which can be expensive to operate.

Benefits of an electric heat pump include:

  • Low installation cost
  • High reliability
  • Simplicity, compared to geothermal or propane heat pumps

Electric heat pumps are inexpensive to install, but they perform relatively poorly in extremely cold weather.

Propane Heat Pumps

A propane heat pump is also known as a hybrid or dual-fuel heat pump. It combines a standard heat pump with a propane furnace, which is used as supplemental heat during cold weather, instead of electric heating.

Some benefits of propane heat pumps include:

  • Efficient heating regardless of temperature
  • Inexpensive operation compared to electric heat pumps
  • Lower initial costs that geothermal heat pumps

Propane has many uses apart from just being used in heat pumps, and sites like Propane Tennessee provide some useful information on the many uses of the alkane. Propane heat pumps more efficient than electric, but are more complex to maintain.

Geothermal Heat Pumps

Geothermal heat pumps include a ground loop, which is a series of underground pipes that refrigerant is pumped through. Underground, the temperatures stay at about 55 degrees year-round, allowing the system extract heat in the winter, and deposit it in the summer.

During the winter, cool air from your home is blown over a heat exchanger connected to the ground loop, absorbing heat from the refrigerant to heat your home. In the summer heat is extracted from the air by the ground loop, cooling your home.

Benefits of a geothermal heat pump include:

  • Higher efficiency than either propane or electric heat pumps
  • Low operational costs
  • Low environmental impact

Though a geothermal heat pump is the most efficient of the three, it is also the most expensive to install, due to the ground loop.

Which Heat Pump Is the Most Cost-Effective?

Over the long-term, geothermal is most cost-effective, but it is expensive to install and not practical in many areas. The propane heat pump offers the best balance of long-term efficiency and installation cost as long as propane is available, and electric models are good options in mild climates.

For more information about heat pumps, contact National Heating & Air Conditioning at (513) 621-4620 today!

FAQs

What Temperature Should I Set on My Thermostat?

The ideal temperature to set on your thermostat will vary by season. In the summer, it's recommended that you set your thermostat between 70˚ and 75˚ while you're at home. When you're away from home, setting the thermostat nearer to 80˚ can save energy, which will save you money on…

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What Size HVAC System Do I Need?

The best size for your new HVAC system will depend on a number of factors, like: The size and layout of your home The number of windows and doors your home has The cooling load required to meet your comfort needs The best way to ensure you select a perfectly…

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How Long Does An Air Conditioner Last?

The lifespan of an AC system will depend on various factors, like: The type, brand, and model of the system you have Whether the system was installed properly How frequently it's used How often it receives maintenance service On average, air conditioners can last about 10 to 15 years. The…

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How Often Should I Schedule AC Maintenance?

We recommend air conditioner maintenance service at least twice a year, once before you turn your system on for spring or summer and again before you shut your system down in fall or winter. If anyone in your family has respiratory issues or a compromised immune system, more frequent AC…

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The information on this website is for informational purposes only; it is deemed accurate but not guaranteed.
It does not constitute professional advice. All information is subject to change at any time without notice. Contact us for complete details.